R2/RIOS/eStewards – eWaste (Responsible Recycling)

R2 Standard

Responsible electronics recycling

R2 is the leading standard for electronics repair and recycling. The R2 Standard provides a common set of processes, safety measures, and documentation requirements for businesses that repair and recycle used electronics. R2 is rigorously and independently audited, emphasizing quality, safety, and transparency. Over 530
facilities are currently R2 certified in 21 countries, with more added every day.

In many parts of the world, used electronics are broken down for their metal content with few (if any) safety or environmental considerations. These practices are often unregulated and extremely dangerous, both to the environment and human health.

R2 helps increase responsible recycling practices in a manner that takes full account of the living conditions –environmental, health, and economic – of all involved in the business of electronics reuse and recycling.

R2 certification is achieved in one (1) of two (2) ways; by implementing an environmental, health and safety management system (EHSMS) and R2 or by certifying to both R2 and the Recycling Industry Operating Standard® (RIOS) at the same time.

The RIOS standard is as an integrated quality, environmental, health and safety (QEH&S) management systems standard for the scrap industry to help scrap recyclers achieve measurable and continual improvement in their QEH&S performance.

Documentation includes:

OHSAS 18001 or ISO 45001 or ANSI/AIHA Z.10, and,
ISO 14001 or RIOS Standard
R2 Standard,
Code of Practices,
Audit Checklist


The e-Stewards Initiative is an electronics waste recycling standard created by the Basel Action Network.

The program and the organization that created it grew out of the concern that electronic waste generated in wealthy countries was being dismantled in poor countries, often by underage workers. The young workers were being exposed to toxic metals and working in unsafe conditions.

In 2009, BAN published the e-Stewards Standard for Responsible Recycling and Reuse of Electronic Equipment which set forth requirements for becoming a Certified e-Stewards Recycler—a program that “recognizes electronics recyclers that adhere to the most stringent environmentally and socially responsible practices when recovering hazardous electronic materials. Recyclers that were qualified under the older Pledge program had until 1 September 2011 to achieve certification to the Standard by an e-Stewards Accredited Certification Body accredited by ANAB (ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board).

Also see ISO 14001 & OSHAS 18001 as they are mandatory for RIOS/e-Steward/R2