ITAR – Import/Export

It is the policy of the United States to restrict / deny exports and imports of defense articles and defense services, destined for or originating in certain countries or whenever an export would not otherwise be in furtherance of world peace and the security and foreign policy of the United States.

The Department of State is responsible for the export and temporary import of defense articles and services governed by 22 U.S.C. 2778 of the Arms Export Control Act. The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) implements the AECA.

The Arms Export Control Act provides that the President designates the articles and services deemed to be defense articles and defense services for purposes of import or export controls. The President has delegated to the Secretary of State the authority to control the export and temporary import of defense articles and services. The items
designated by the Secretary of State for purposes of export and temporary import control constitute the U.S. Munitions List. Defense articles on the U.S. Munitions List that are also subject to permanent import control by the Attorney General on the U.S. Munitions Import List are subject to temporary import controls administered by the
Secretary of State. Designations of defense articles and defense services are made by the Department of State with the concurrence of the Department of Defense. The scope of the U.S. Munitions List shall be changed only by amendments made pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act.

ITAR, then is the process that must be followed to be in compliance with U.S. Law.